From symbols scratched below the floorboards, to beliefs in witchcraft, and through to James I and the Gunpowder historic building survey at Knole, Kent enabled a very surprising revelation about the history of the house in the early 17th century. A series of symbols beneath the floorboards carved by the carpenters working at the house were intended to protect the building from possession by witches, demons and evil spirits. Further showed that the symbols were related to James I, witch trials and the Gunpowder Plot.

The transcript and versions of the lecture are available from the Gresham College College has been giving public lectures since 1597. This tradition continues today with all of our five or so public lectures a week being made available for from our There are currently over 1,800 lectures to access or from the.


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